Linguatula serrata can be found in several countries in Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Europe, North Africa, and the Americas. Although the distribution of . Linguatula serrata is a food-borne zoonotic pentastomid that affects a wide range of animals including humans. Dogs and other carnivores are the final hosts. Twenty-four to 48 hours after imidacloprid/moxidectin was administered, the dog coughed up a dead worm, later confirmed as Linguatula serrata (Fig 1).

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This stage of infection is typically asymptomatic. Iran J Arthropod-Born Dis. Shekarforoush SS, Arzani P. Introduction Linguatulosis is a rare zoonotic parasitic disease resulting from invasion of the body by wormlike parasites of the genus Linguatulaalso known as tongue worms [ 1 ].

Ind J Med Sci.

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Taraba covers an area of 60, View at Google Scholar Y. This worm has been found in the eye chambers and livers of humans, where humans have ingested the eggs from the external environment.

Human linguatulosis poses an important medical and veterinary concern in endemic countries. Carnivores can subsequently feed on infected human cadavers.

Dogs and occasionally cats become infected after eating contaminated organs of infected intermediate hosts. This parasite uses domesticated and wild herbivores as intermediate hosts, including sheep, goats, camels, and many other small ruminants.

This study reports a case of human linguatulosis caused by Linguatula serrata in the city of Kerman, South-eastern Iran.

Journal of Parasitology Research

After a setrata of molts in these cysts, the third stage larvae lose the leg-like appendages and can travel in between the abdominal cavity and the abdominal wall. Evolution in the pentastomids.


Those that harbored the parasite were subjected to a minor surgery to remove the parasite. Roberts, Foundations of ParasitologyMosby, St. To receive news and publication updates for Journal of Parasitology Research, enter your email address in the box below. In this study, the parasite was found sublingually. Upon examination by nasopharyngoscopy and bronchoscopy, no foreign bodies were observed.

Apparently, almost any mammal is a potential intermediate host. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence xerrata public health implications of Linguatulosis in client-owned dogs in Jalingo, North Eastern Nigeria.

Larvae are primarily non-feeding, encysting in a variety of host tissues. Linguatula arctica is a related species parasitic of reindeer in cold regions e.

ADW: Linguatula serrata: INFORMATION

In the Middle Linguatua, Halzoun also occurs after religious feasts in which uncooked sheep or goats may be served [ 1718 ]. However, significant difference was observed between breeds and age of dogs examined. To cite this page: Ocular Linguatuliasis in Ecuador: Eggs exit the host in nasal secretion or, if swallowed, with feces.

Views Read Edit View history. Incorrect use is the most frequent reason for failure of antiparasitic drugs. Linguatulosis is a rare zoonotic parasitic disease resulting from invasion of the body by wormlike parasites of the genus Linguatulaalso known as tongue worms [ swrrata ].

The high prevalence of Linguatulosis in dogs and other animals found in this study liguatula the need of improving preventative measures to reduce the rate of infection, which may pose a hazard to human health.

They have a flattened body and the anterior end is wider than the tail. Accessed December 31, at https: The dogs were shown to harbor pentastomid parasites in their nasal cavities. If swallowed by the definitive host, the eggs are passed through the feces to the external environment. ADW doesn’t cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe.


National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Presently, Taraba State seems to be the only state of the federation to have reported the incidence of this disease in all the veterinary hospitals located in the 20 local governments of the states, linguarula defines the potential danger of spread of the disease to all other parts of the country.

The parasite may have accidentally ensconced itself in the location during migration through the buccal cavity into the nasopharynx. In Iran, high prevalence of L. The eggs have an ovoid shape, have a brownish to yellowish sereata, and measure about 70×90 micrometers. Risk factors and public health implications of Linguatulosis are also discussed in this study.

When ingested by an intermediate host such as rodents rabbits and ratsruminants sheep, goats, cattle and camels and accidentally by humans 1the embryos migrate to the mesenteric lymph nodes and various other organs, where they feed on blood and fluids and molt to become mature nymphal stage.

Of the dogs examined inwere positive representing prevalence of Linguatula serrata also frequently infects domesticated animals used for agriculture and stray animals also used for provisions.