KONVENSI MONTEVIDEO PDF

The Governments represented in the Seventh International Conference of American States: Wishing to conclude a Convention on Rights and Duties of States. Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States. Signed at Montevideo, 26 Decem ber Entered into Force, 26 Decem ber Article 8. In the absence of rigorous philosophical tradition in Indonesia, to build a nation and a nation-state out of hundreds of ethnic groups, Indonesian.

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Article 15 The present Convention shall remain in force indefinitely but may be denounced by means of one year’s notice given to the Pan American Union, which shall transmit it to the other signatory governments. The acceptance of three of the signatories was subject to minor reservations. Article 7 The recognition of a state may be express or tacit.

File:Montevideo Convention – Wikimedia Commons

New York state election, Democratic National Convention, United States presidential election, theme song Search our webpages Search. The European Unionin the principal statement of its Badinter Committee[13] follows the Montevideo Convention in its definition of a state: Montevideo Convention at Wikisource.

The contracting states definitely establish the rule of their conduct the precise obligation not to recognize territorial acquisitions or advantages that have been obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure. The 16 states that have ratified this convention are limited to the Americas.

International relations Sovereignity of states Rights and duties of states State succession Diplomatic relations Consular relations Privileges and immunities Law of treaties State responsibility and liability Dispute settlement Peace security and defense cooperation State, territory and global commons Self determination and transfrontier co-operation.

Nationals and foreigners are under the same protection of the law and the national authorities and the foreigners may not claim rights other or more extensive than those of the nationals.

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Konvensi Montevideo

Furthermore, the first sentence of Article 3 explicitly states that “The political existence of the state is independent of recognition by the other states.

The convention became operative on December 26, Article 4 States are juridically equal, enjoy the same rights, and have equal capacity in their exercise. Herring, Oxford University Press, p. This page was last edited on 13 Decemberat After the expiration of this period the Convention shall cease in its monntevideo as regards the party which denounces but shall remain in effect for the remaining High Contracting Parties.

In most cases, the only avenue open to self-determination for colonial or national ethnic minority populations was to achieve international legal personality as a nation-state.

Montevideo Convention

Such notification shall be considered as an exchange of ratifications. The territory of a state is inviolable and may not be the object of military occupation nor of other measures of force imposed by another state directly or indirectly or for any motive whatever even temporarily.

Even before recognition the state has the right to defend its integrity and independence, to provide for its conservation and prosperity, and consequently to organize itself as it sees fit, to legislate upon its interests, administer its services, and to define the jurisdiction and competence of its courts.

Article 1 The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: The rights of each one do not depend upon the power which it possesses to assure its exercise, but upon the simple fact of its existence as a person under international law.

Web editors at Faculty of Law. In most cases, their own moontevideo and independence had been disputed, or opposed, by one or more of the European colonial empires. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Article 11 The contracting states definitely establish as the rule of their conduct the precise obligation not to recognize territorial acquisitions or special advantages which have been klnvensi by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive montevjdeo.

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The convention sets out the definition, rights and duties of statehood. It motevideo not be confused with the Estrada doctrine.

States are juridically equal, enjoy the same rights, and have equal capacity in their exercise. Article 12 The present Convention shall not affect obligations previously entered into by the High Contracting Parties by virtue of international agreements.

Article 16 The present Convention shall be open for the adherence and accession of the States which are not signatories. A further four states signed the Convention on 26 Decemberbut have not ratified it. It stands in conflict with the alternative constitutive theory of statehood: Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: IT services Knowledge resources Library Services to the public.

The instrument of ratification shall be deposited in konevnsi archives of the Montevido American Union in Washington, which shall notify the signatory governments of said deposit.

Wikisource has original text related to this article: Those states were BrazilPeru and the United States. Wishing to conclude a Convention on Rights and Duties of States, have appointed the following Plenipotentiaries: The latter results from any act which implies the intention of recognizing the new state.

Retrieved from ” https: Article 13 The present Convention shall be ratified by the High Contracting Parties in conformity with their respective constitutional procedures. Recognition in International Law. Pancasila, the five principles of the Indonesian political philosophy, can be regarded as the brainchild of konvensu political syncretism.