In Karen Horney’s “The Distrust Between the Sexes”, she explains how a person’s psychological history causes him/her to distrust people of the opposite sex. Distrust Between Sexes A woman gets pregnant, and her boyfriend leaves her. In Karen Horney`s The Distrust Between the Sexes, she explains how a person`s. Karen Horney- Distrust Between the Sexes. I. Background. 1. Developed her career somewhat independently of the influence of Sigmund Freud; 2. She was.

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Feminine Psychology Nancy Chodorow locates the “political and theoretical origins” of psychoanalytic feminism with Karen Horney, whose theories form the basis “for most of the recent revisions of psychoanalytic understandings of gender and for most psychoanalytic dissidence on the question of gender in the early period as well”pp. There are many different scenarios, which lead to relationships ending because of distrust.

As he grows up, the male continues to have a deeply hidden anxiety about the size of his penis or his potency, an anxiety that has no counterpart for the female, who “performs her part by merely being ” Horney,p. Our primary objective must not be to identify what is essentially feminine but to foster “the full development of the human personalities of all” Paris,p. The first two paths, having the right views and the However attractive they are, they do not believe that a man can actually love them.

Although Horney had devoted most of her professional life to writing about feminine psychology, she abandoned the topic in because she felt that the role of culture in shaping the female psyche makes it impossible to determine what is distinctively feminine. Nancy Chodorow locates the “political and theoretical origins” of psychoanalytic feminism with Karen Horney, whose theories form the basis “for most of the recent revisions of psychoanalytic understandings of gender and for most psychoanalytic dissidence on the question of gender in the early period as well”pp.

Horney’s ideas were ignored for many years but now seem remarkably astute. In this ideology the differentness of the weaker one will be interpreted as inferiority, and it will be proven that these differences are unchangeable, basic, or God’s will” Horney, distrusy, p.

She contended that male envy of pregnancy, childbirth, and motherhood, and of the breasts and suckling, gives rise to an unconscious tendency to devalue women and that men’s impulse toward creative work is an overcompensation for their small role in procreation. The “womb-envy” of the male must be stronger than the so-called “penis-envy” of the female, since men need to depreciate women more than women need to depreciate men.


Horney defines passion and discusses why it is rare. The fact that “a girl is exposed from birth onward to the suggestion — inevitable, whether conveyed brutally or delicately — of her inferiority” is an experience “that constantly stimulates her masculinity complex Horney,disyrust.

This is the position of psychoanalysis, which kzren the stereotypes of male culture, but Horney identified a number of social conditions that have made women ,aren masochistic than men. In discussing family dynamics, Horney focused at first on the girl’s relationship with male members of the family, but later she derived the masculinity complex and all the phenomena traditionally associated with penis envy — such as feelings of inferiority, vindictiveness, and competitiveness toward men — from the thd relationship with females in the family, particularly the mother.

Everyone young lady would like a stud muscles, handsome, etc.

The Views Of Karen Horney Essay Research – Реферат

The thought of having the perfect mate is just that a thought. By investing everything it is not to be understood as overwhelming an individual with expensive things. They tend to change partners frequently, since after securing a man they need to get out of the relationship before they get hurt. Moreover, comparative studies show that these conditions have not been universal and that some societies have been more unfavorable to women’s development than others.

This reason alone to many, is often mans excuse for keeping women out of governmental positions. Common Sense Essay Research Paper.

04 Major Concepts « Karen Horney & Humanistic Psychoanalysis

She acknowledged that little girls envy the male plumbing but regarded this as psychologically insignificant. The Male View of Women Jaren her earliest essays on feminine psychology, Horney strove to show that girls and women have intrinsic biological constitutions and patterns of ristrust that horndy to be understood in their own terms and not just as products of their difference from and presumed inferiority to men. Most of the essay is devoted to trying to explain why these women have an obsessive need for a male but are unable to form satisfactory relationships.

She wrote that to understand the problem you must first understand that problems stem from a common background. In “The Problem of Feminine Masochism”Horney challenged the idea that “masochistic trends are inherent in, or akin to, the very essence of female nature” Horney,p.

An example that may make kardn mind wonder is; vision a child taking those first few steps. People do not feel safe putting all of their eggs in one basket.

It is the sexually attractive sezes that man is afraid of. The researchers observed that the children that had viewed the European exploration in the Americas led to a great demand for slaves to work in the new colonies The situation of these women is sad because although their relationships with men are paramount, they are never satisfactory. Their obsession is traced to a childhood situation in which each “had come off second best in the competition for a man” Horney,p.

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In conclusion, Horney tries to explain how her thoughts can help to diminish the distrust between the sexes. When one is not willing to invest everything that they have in a relationship the relationship struggles to succeed. Women, and all humans for that matter, need a sense that they are needed, but at the same time humans need to know that they are protected.

She argued that psychoanalysis regards women as defective men because it is the product of a male genius Freud and a male dominated culture.

After this, she began to develop a theory that she considered to be gender-neutral, one that applied equally to males and females. In fact, it is meant for on to put their whole heart and soul into the relationship.

One has to come to reality with the fact that you must accept what has been given to you and be blessed hornsy you are open to receive it.


The fact that we have set definitions of how a man and women should be and that these do not reach into the other things that we want is what makes up this disappointment that men and women feel. The Masculinity Complex Horney did not deny that women often envy men and are uncomfortable with their feminine role. Indeed, many of her essays deal with the “masculinity complex” similar to Adler’s “masculine protest”which she defined as “the horneg complex of feelings and fantasies that have for their content the woman’s feeling of being discriminated against, her envy of the male, her wish to be a man and to thf the female role” Horney,p.

The most important defense is proving that, despite her disadvantages, she can attract a man. In later essays, Horney continued to analyze the male view of woman in order to expose its lack of scientific foundation.