In , with the Industrial Revolution well underway, the engineer Ildefons Cerdà, author of the Plan for the Reform and Extension of. Ildefons Cerda (December 23, – August 21, ) was an urban planner originally trained as a civil engineer who left his job in the civil engineering. Constricted by its medieval walls, Barcelona was suffocating – until unknown engineer Ildefons Cerdà came up with a radical expansion plan.

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With this explosion of modernism, an unspoken urban iodefons emerged. His street layout and grid plan were optimized to accommodate pedestrians, carriages, horse-drawn trams, urban railway lines as yet unheard-ofgas supply and large-capacity sewers to prevent frequent floodswithout neglecting public and private gardens and other key amenities.

When the government of the time finally gave in to public pressure and allowed Barcelona’s city walls to be torn down, he realized the need to plan the city’s expansion so that the new extension would become an efficient and livable place, unlike the congested, epidemic-prone old town within the walls.

Unfortunately, many of the reclaimed courtyards lack a standout landscape or architectural design impetus that would position them as a tourist destination. Yet its population ofstill lived in a tiny area, confined by its medieval walls.

Order by newest oldest recommendations. He continued to create projects and improve existing designs throughout his lifetime, as well as to develop kldefons theories taking on larger planning scopes at the regional planning leveluntil the very end. In addition, only one of the two planned diagonal streets was realized.

Ildefons Cerdà

The streets would be built to a width of 20 metres with 5 meters dedicated on each side for pedestrians with the exception of Gran Via which cerds to be 50 metres wide and Passeig de Gracia which was to be 60 metres widewhile a district would be defined as a block self-sustaining unit with direct access to shops, services, markets and schools.

Ildefon began as a utopian master plan championing publicly accessible green space has today become an enclosed and privatized neighborhood specifically lacking this publicly accessible green space.

In the process, he lost all his family’s inheritance and he died in a heavily indebted near-pauper, never having been paid for his chief masterpiece, the design of Barcelona’s Eixample.

It subsequently selected Antonio Rovira y Trias and his radial centric design as the winning master plan. He became interested in politics and the study of urban planning. Although in general terms his plan was realized, he died penniless, credited with a neighborhood that is a distant reflection of his initial intentions. His designs belie a network-oriented approach far ahead of his time.


Ildefons Cerda December 23, — August 21, was an urban planner originally trained as a civil engineer who left his job in the civil engineering service to begin working on a grid based plan that would come to be known as the Eixample. As it was impossible to oppose the rulings coming from Madrid, his opponents instead tried to discredit him ideologically and intellectually. At the same time, fans of Enric Miralles can lounge on one of his sculptures at the Jardines Jaume Perich.

Barcelona Ildefons Cerda metro station – Everything about Barcelona Ildefons Cerda metro stop

Demolition work would finally start ildegons year later. Instead, many ildedons courtyards appear as normative, dusty, hardscaped open plazas with few users. The plan for Barcelona’s Eixample neighborhood consisted of low-rise urban blocks with ample public space, but was drastically changed during its actual realisation.

He calculated the volume of atmospheric air one person needed to breathe correctly. In between the 2 or 3 built-up sides a recreational green space would allow for a maximum amount of sunlight and ventilation ildefins penetrate every unit in the manzana while simultaneously providing a green belt for the entire city in all cardinal directions. The area however, did not develop as Cerda had originally planned.

Topics Cities Ildefoms story of cities. This unknown engineer was revolutionary in what he envisioned — but also in how he got there. And yet, none of these ideas were well-received or appreciated in Barcelona at the time.

He joined the Corps of Engineers and lived in various cities in Spain before settling in Barcelona in and marrying Clotilde Bosch. When he failed to find suitable reference works, he undertook the task of writing one from scratch while designing what he called the Ensanche or Eixampleborrowing a few technological ideas from his contemporaries to create a unique, thoroughly modern integrated concept that was carefully considered rather than whimsically designed.

In these terms it is difficult ildefon critique, especially in comparison to other cities that have forsaken their historical plans for a gentrified and ubiquitous banality of shopping mall, big-box pretension. This page was last edited on 10 Septemberat Now ildefobs city and the Spanish government had to design and manage the sudden redistribution of an overflowing population.

In total, Pro Eixample attempted to recover 50 block interiors representing roughly ,m 2 of space. Ramon Casasa painter who had grown up in a shadowy house in the old town, was one of the modernist artists who moved to this new district, and could often be seen strolling or riding iildefons bike on its streets with fellow cultural figures.


Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Your email address will derda be cwrda. His plan for Barcelona underwent two major revisions; the second version, approved by the Spanish government at the time, is the one still recognizable in the layout of today’s Eixampleikdefons the low height of buildings and the gardens within every city ilddfons were soon dispensed with by politicians inclined to cave in to or perhaps even cerdq in property speculation.

Threads collapsed expanded unthreaded. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Archived from the original PDF on 3 October As there was no more land left inside the city walls, all kinds of inventions were used to build more lodgings — houses were literally being created on empty space.

The walls were becoming a health risk, almost literally suffocating the people of Barcelona — who were addressed directly in the following public statement of With interest in the socio-cultural aspect of architecture and how local cultures interact differently with their built environment he seeks out untold histories, local knowledge and roughing it travels when escaping from architectural office life.

Loading comments… Trouble loading? Gardens in the centre of each street block; rich and poor accessing the same services; and smooth-flowing traffic were among his then revolutionary, even utopian-sounding ideas — many of which materialised to at least some extent although not the central gardens.

Story of cities #13: Barcelona’s unloved planner invents science of ‘urbanisation’

The neighborhood as it stands, is functional, atmospheric and charming. An aerial view of a portion of the Eixample. Please share it in the ilxefons below or on Twitter using storyofcities.

The city was living at a faster pace than the rest of Spainand was ready to become a European capital.

Retrieved from ” https: Likewise, manzana blocks which were planned as public facilities such as schools, markets and social centres were instead developed without regard to the plan: These days, Barcelona is consistently praised as an urban success story.

Ildefons Cerda finalized the development of ildefond Eixample plan at his own expense. Larger institutions such as hospitals, cemeteries, parks, plazas and industrial buildings would be spaced at calculated, even distances within each zone providing an overall utilitarian radius of access for Eixample inhabitants.