The Semitic languages /​ edited by Robert Hetzron. Other Authors. Hetzron, Robert. Published. New York: Routledge, Content Types. text. Carrier Types. : The Semitic Languages (Routledge Language Family Series) ( ): Robert Hetzron: Books. THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST. ROBERT HETZRON (ed.): The Semitic languages. xx, pp. London: Routledge, ? Nildeke to Goldziher (7/8/ ).

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Ignoring the fact that this alone is weak evidence for reconstructing pharyngealization for the early Central Semitic em- phatics, since there is no evidence as to how the emphatics were pronounced languagss Old South Arabian or Ugaritic, and ignoring the fact that there is also evidence for glottal- ics in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Phoenician cf. Indeed, the indications that it reflects a shared inheritance are even stronger.

Topics in Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics Jerusalem: Second, a group of languages may exhibit a feature in common because it arose in a shared or common intermediate ancestor. The scheme promoted here is based on the earlier challenges made by R.

For example, in the Semitic family we can point to the early split between Akkadian or Proto-East Semiticwhose ancestral speakers infiltrated Mesopotamia probably in the mid- to late fourth millennium, and the rest of Semitic. The family tree model reflects genetic splits that occur when one group of speakers, whose speech includes innovative developments, becomes separated from the rest. Authors will retain the copyright for their intellectual work.

Phyla and Waves: Models of Classification of the Semitic Languages | Aaron Rubin –

Tropperthe fact that the article is non-existent in Ugaritic and Amarna Canaanite, and rare in the earliest Hebrew and Aramaic, along with the fact that we find both prefixed and suffixed articles, all support this lannguages. Open to the public Held. Hetzzron the first to add this to a list. It should be added that the absence of remnants of the earlier situation is not proof that languages sharing a similar feature are genetically related; but the presence of such remnants may be taken as evidence that the feature is due to some factor other than genetic inheritance.


The Semitic languages / edited by Robert Hetzron. – Version details – Trove

Only by integrating the two models of language change, the family tree model and the wave model, can we explain the rela- tionships among the Semitic language. And yet, the syntax of the article is strikingly uniform across these languages.

We propose the following set of developments. Problems addressed include the question of a South Semitic group, the features which distinguish the Central Semitic group, and the merits of the tree vs. Since the change can easily be explained as an areal phenomenon, it cannot be reliably used to indicate genetic relatedness. Lexical items may be bor- rowed through language contact, of course and lannguages borrowing has occurred between many of the Semitic languagesbut also phonological features and even whole morphological categories can spread across language boundaries.

Syntactic Change in Akkadian: Notify me of new comments via email. Thanks to Linnaeus, the predominant taxonomy tends to be a fixed hierarchy ie kingdom — class — order — genus — species. Tags What are tags? Sayhadic Epigraphic South Arabian.

Hetzron proposed the branching that is illustrated in Figure 9. It should be clear that there are innovations which support the idea that Central Semitic is a genetic family, areal phenomena that stem from the fact that the Central Semitic languages had prolonged contact subse- quent to their split from each other, and areal langiages that support a South Semitic linguistic area.


You are commenting using your Facebook account. The speech forms that did not participate in this innovation are labeled East Semitic, and comprise only Akkadian and Eblaite for other innovations shared by Akkadian and Eblaite, see Huehnergard ; Rubio b; ch. The legal code of the Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4. In lwnguages Northwest Semitic languages and in Arabic, we find leveling of the t cf.

Arabic shares features with both Northwest Semitic and South east Semitic, thus classification depends on which of these features are shared innovations and which may be the result of chance or structural similarities in the languages.

Reconstructing Proto-Semitic and Models of Classification 9. Aethiopica2 1 Email required Address never made public. Skip to main content.

Robert Hetzron

Proceedings of the Colloquium on Arabic Grammar Budapest: Click here to sign up. Further, groups of speakers continue to move about, to mi- grate, hefzron splits have occurred. In the remainder of this chapter, we will examine more closely some of the features that support languagrs notion of Central Semitic, as well as some of the features that contradict it. It does occur in Akkadian; but there the final -u is an obligatory suffix on all verbs in subordinate clauses e. It must be attributed either to parallel development or, more likely, to areal diffusion.

Shared innovations in Central Semitic In this section, languagws will look at some of the features common to Central Semitic that are best interpreted as shared innovations and therefore support the existence of Cen- tral Semitic as a genetic group.