Guiera senegalensis is a semi-evergreen to evergreen shrub, usually growing 1 – 3 metres tall, with occasional specimens up to 5 metres. The whole plant is. Guiera senegalensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to m (8ft) by m (8ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium. Guiera senegalensis J. F. Gmel. [family COMBRETACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
|Published (Last):||11 December 2007|
|PDF File Size:||17.99 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.7 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Guiera senegalensis is an evergreen flowering shrub usually growing 1 – 3 m in height commonly found in tropical Africa. The bark is gray. The branches are softly hairy.
The flowers are yellowish green and are in round heads. The leaves are gray-green and oval. The leaves are known as a? The twigs are chewed for symptomatic relief of scorpion stings. The fruits are used for hiccups. The plant is a source of 3,4,5-Tri-O-galloylquinic acid, a hydrolysable tannin classified as a natural product with anti-HIV activity and a DNA polymerase inhibitor.
Also, the plant is a pioneer species and is often found growing on very poor and degraded land. The bark produces gum. The thin branches are used for baskets and mats. The roots are used asa chew sticks and toothpicks. The smoke from burning branches repel flies. The wood is commonly used for the framework of wells, bed post, etc.
The leaves are also used to curdle milk. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. The leaves have a high reputation as a ‘cure-all’ in Africa, where they are used in the treatment of a wide range of conditions. They are most commonly taken in decoctions or are mixed with foods[ ].
The bitter tasting leaves are antitussive, appetizer, blood purifier, diuretic, febrifuge, galactagogue, laxative, pectoral and tonic[ ]. They are used to treat a wide range of conditions such as: The powdered leaves are mixed with food as a general tonic and blood restorative after any exhausting condition, and especially given to women after childbirth to promote the flow of milk[ ].
The leaves are commonly made into an infusion, combined with those of Combretum micranthum, for treating fever, chest and rheumatic conditions, and as a nasal douche for cold in the head[‘. Combined with tamarind pulp, the leaves are held to be a good laxative and appetizer[ ]. The plant has a special reputation as a preventive of leprosy and many people drink a cold decoction of the leaves every morning and evening; in particular it is given to the newborn child, and to the child of a leper parent, or when there is the least suspicion of hereditary taint or early symptoms[ ].
The dried leaves are smoked in a pipe and the smoke is blown through the nose as a remedy for colds[ ]. They are mixed with tobacco for smoking as a treatment for coughs and respiratory trouble[ ].
The powdered leaves are added to a snuff taken for headache and sinusitis[ ]. The leaves are applied externally to bring healing to the body – they are considered antiseptic and vulnerary.
Botanical characterization of Guiera senegalensis leaves.
They are applied to wounds, sores in the mouth, sehegalensis chancres and phagadenic ulcers[ ]. The leaves are applied to skin infections and in poultices on inflammatory swellings and for guinea-worm; they have been applied to tumours to maturate them and xenegalensis a treatment for skin-diseases[ ].
A leaf-decoction is used as a body-wash and for bathing new-born babies[ ]. The fruit and leaves are common ingredients in more or less ceremonial prescriptions for strengthening and preventing disease in young children[ ].
The twigs are chewed for symptomatic relief of scorpion stings[ ]. The powdered and boiled roots are considered a remedy for diarrhoea and dysentery[ ]. The fruits, baked and reduced to a powder with salt added to mask the bitter taste, are considered a sovereign cure for hiccups[ ].
Leafy stems have been found to contain traces of alkaloids and tannins[ ]. Ash of the roots and leaves appear to be particularly rich in magnesium, calcium, strontium, titanium, iron and aluminium[ ]. Pharmacologically the plant has positive action on coughs, is hypotensive, antidiarrhetic and anti-inflammatory[ ]. A typical pioneer species, the seed is spread by grazing animals and the plant grows especially well where the soil has become impoverished.
It is capable of colonizing tracts of land, which might otherwise be bare, to form pure stands[ ]. Restriction of the plant’s spread is recommended in Senegal to improve the quality of Sahel pasturage[ ].
The plant is often found growing on very poor and degraded land – it is seen as an indicator of overgrazed land[ ]. The bark yields a gum which is marketed[ ]. The thin branches are used for plaiting work when making baskets, for mats that are used for sand stabilization, and for fencing material[ ]. The roots are commonly split and used as chew-sticks and tooth-picks[ ]. The smoke from burning branches repels flies[ ]. The wood is whitish or tinged red, coarse-grained, knotted and short, but very hard.
It used for the framework of wells, bed-posts, etc[ ]. The shrub is commonly cut to fence farms[ ].
The branches, senegalensiz particularly the roots, are considered to be a good fuel[ ]. A plant of arid and semi-arid areas in the tropics. Requires a sunny position. Grows wild in light, dry soils.
Capable of growing on very poor, dry, leached soils[ ]. For many decades the range of this plant has been spreading further south to areas with wetter conditions[ ]. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form.
Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Right plant wrong place. We are senegalensks updating this section. This taxon has not yet been assessed. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages.
QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras. This QR Code is guieera to this page.
All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only guirra or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included.
If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. You will receive a range of benefits including: You can unsubscribe at anytime.
Guiera senegalensis – J. Common Name Moshi medicine, guier du Senegal Family Combretaceae USDA hardiness Known Hazards None known Habitats Degraded savannah, savannah forests, forest on fallow land abandoned farms ; light dry soils, sandy or giiera at elevations from – 1, metres[ ]. Range Tropical Africa – drier areas from Senegal to Sudan. You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box. Guiera senegalensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2.
It is hardy to zone UK It cannot grow in the shade.
It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. QR Code What’s this? Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can. Please view the copyright link for more information. Moshi medicine, guier du Senegal. Degraded savannah, savannah forests, forest on fallow land abandoned farms ; light dry soils, sandy or rocky; guisra elevations from – 1, vuiera ]. Tropical Africa – drier areas from Senegal to Sudan.