Anthropologie Structurale [C Levi-Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This reissue of a classic will reintroduce readers to Lévi-Strauss’s understanding of man and society in terms of individuals—kinship, social organization, religion. Get this from a library! Anthropologie structurale.. [Claude Lévi-Strauss].
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Men sought to get the maximum profit in forms of either bridewealth or political advantage from their daughters’ marriage.
Anthropologie structurale – Claude Lévi-Strauss – Google Books
Elementary structures are based on positive marriage rules that specify whom a person must marry, while complex systems specify negative marriage rules whom one must not marrythus leaving room for choice based on preference. Please help improve it or discuss these issues anhropologie the talk page.
Boyer pointed out that experimental research on concepts in psychology have not supported a structuralistic view of concepts, but rather a theory-oriented or prototype-based view. This “mother’s brother” from the perspective of the wife-seeking son plays a crucial role in alliance theory, as he is the one who ultimately decides whom his daughter will marry.
African tribal societies employ descent as their primary organizational principle. Internal incoherence and a range of intrinsic limitations further reduced its appeal. Social structures mirror cognitive structures, meaning that patterns in social interaction can be treated as their manifestations. It is a “total prestation” as Mauss called it, as it carries the power to create a system of reciprocity in which the honour of both giver and recipient are engaged.
Anthropologie structurale deux – Wikipedia
Marxists shifted the attention within anthropology from an almost exclusive preoccupation with kinship to an emphasis on economic issues. He thought that in practice there would be competition for women, leading to accumulation and therefore asymmetries in the system. Through the gift, the givers give part of themselves, imbuing the gift a certain power that compels a response.
Overall, some lineages would accumulate more wives and material wealth than others, meaning that the system was not driven primarily by reciprocity. He called the three kinship structures elementary, semi-complex and complex.
For example, in the Amazon basin, two extended families would build their houses in two facing semicircles that together form a big lrvi. For him, opposites formed the basis of social structure and culture. The Yanomami fit very well into the alliance theory mold, while the Tallensi or Azande do not.
Generalised exchange is more integrative but contains an implicit hierarchy, as e.
Others, for example Godelier, critiqued structuralism’s synchronic approach that led it to be essentially ahistorical. Another concept was borrowed snthropologie the Prague school of linguisticswhich employed so-called binary oppositions in their research. Possibly sturcturale most significant influence on structuralism came from Mauss’ The Gift.
Kuper allowed that exchange was the universal form of marriage, but there could be other significant factors. According to Leach, in Kachin reality instabilities arose primarily from competition for bridewealth.
Prescribing exogamy creates a distinction between marriageable and tabooed women that necessitates a search for women outside one’s athropologie kin group “marry out or die out” and fosters exchange relationships with other groups. Just as speakers can talk without awareness of grammar, he argued, humans are unaware of the workings of social structures in daily life.
Anthropologie structurale deux
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. With the advent of postmoderninterpretive- hermeneutic thought, structuralist and functionalist theories went receded.
The marriage system was quite messy and the chance of it breaking down increased with the number of groups involved.
Restricted exchange structures are generally quite uncommon. Continued restricted exchange means that the two lineages marry together.
Levi Strauss Anthropologie Structurale, 1958
While part of his analysis of the Kachin was simply based on incorrect ethnographic information, the rest reflected Kachin ideology but not actual practice.
This involves an asymmetric exchange anthropoloogie at least three groups.
Matrilateral cross-cousin marriage arrangements where the marriage of the parents is repeated by successive generations are very common in parts of Asia e.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This approach, he felt, made for fresh new ideas.