Anselm’s Ontological Argument. Anselm’s ontological argument purports to be an a priori proof of God’s existence. Anselm starts with premises that do not. Anselms’s Ontological Argument is stated, and a few standard St. Anselm of Canterbury () was a Neoplatonic Realist and was. Ontological Argument The ontological argument is widely thought to have been first clearly articulated by St. Anselm of Canterbury, who defined God as the.

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Ontological Arguments

Hence, the existent perfect being who creates exactly n universes is existent. This procedure would make good sense if one thought that there is a natural kind—ontological arguments—which our practice carves out, but for which is hard to specify defining conditions. Gaunilo shared this worry, believing that one could use Anselm’s argument to show the existence of all kinds of non-existent things: Anselm’s initial explicit formulation; the eighteenth-century criticisms of Kant and Hume; and the identification of a second ontological argument in Anselm’s Proslogion by twentieth-century philosophers.

An approach to supporting the possibility premise in Plantinga’s version of the argument was attempted by Alexander R. Let us suppose, e.

And the culmination of its perfection, where there is nothing more canterbiry, is its independence from any other thing. The trick is to show that God cannot possibly exist in the understanding alone.

But you might find it a useful exercise nonetheless. Accordingly, what goes wrong canterbuy the first version of the ontological argument is that the notion of existence is being treated as the wrong logical type. This by itself is not problematic. Here are some modest examples:. Given these kinds of considerations, it is natural to wonder whether there are better interpretations of Proslogion II according to which the argument in question turns out NOT to be logically valid.


Premise 3 thus entails that 1 existence is a property; and 2 instantiating existence makes a thing better, other things being equal, than it would have been otherwise. David Banach’s homepage at Saint Anselm College. Conversely, a being that is omnipotent has the power to create free beings and hence does not know what such beings would do if they existed.

Indeed, if the ontological arguments succeed, it is as much a contradiction to suppose that God doesn’t exist as it is to suppose that there are square circles or female bachelors. It makes sense and is true to say that my future house will be a better one if it is insulated than if it is not insulated; but what could it mean to say that it will be a better house if it exists than if it does not?

He seems to have assumed that existence is a predicate of a perfection. He proposed that, unless the coherence of a supremely perfect being could be demonstrated, the ontological argument fails. As Malcolm describes this idea:.

Hence God exists in reality. For that reason, Anselm dismissed any argument that did not relate to a being with necessary existence.

Normally, existential claims don’t follow from conceptual caterbury. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. The aim is to construct arguments which non-theists can reasonably claim to have no more reason to accept than the original Ontological Arguments themselves. But obviously this is impossible.

Philosophy of Religion » St Anselm’s Ontological Argument

In particular, Premise 2 is not obviously correct. There are many things to say about these objections: Otherwise put, Premise 2 asserts that we have a coherent idea of a being that instantiates every property that makes a being greater, other things arfument equal, than it would have been without that property such properties are also known as “great-making” properties.

Australasian Journal of Philosophy. How are we so much as to understand the claim that even the Fool believes that that than which no greater can be conceived exists in the understanding? But this is not true of the concept of God as Anselm conceives it. He suggested that proponents of ontological arguments would claim that, if one fully understood the concept of God, one must accept his existence. Plainly though, if Anselm is really committed to these principles, then he could hardly fail to argujent committed to the more general principles: Eschatological verification Language game Logical positivism Apophatic theology Verificationism.


A Victorious Ontological Argument? Canterbur Read Edit View history. The God-properties include necessary existence, necessary omnipotence, necessary omniscience, and necessary perfect goodness. Ontologocal Malcolm describes this idea: Now let’s go over it and try to isolate its most fundamental assumptions.

So, for annselm, there are review discussions of ontological arguments in: Anselm’s point is that in general there is a difference between saying that something exists in my understanding and saying that I understand or believe it to exist.

On the other hand, on the reading in which there is no cancellation, it is clear that this claim is one which no reasonable, etc.

What is St Anselm of Canterbury’s Ontological Argument for the Existence of God?

The S5 system of modal logic includes an axiom that looks cnterbury similar to Premise 4: No matter how great any island is in some respect, it is always possible to imagine an island greater than that island in that very respect. Open Court Publishing Co. If it exists only in the mind, then an anaelm greater being must be possible—one which exists both in the mind and in reality.

Kant’s doctrine of transcendental illusion. This parody—at least in its current state—seems inferior to other parodies in the literature, including the obtological parodies of Gaunilo and Caterus.

Ethical egoism Euthyphro dilemma Logical positivism Religious language Verificationism eschatological Problem of evil Theodicy Augustinian Irenaean Best of all possible worlds Inconsistent triad Natural evil. But these latter claims clearly attribute particular properties to x.