Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.
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The Holy Quran aims at creating an ideal society in which good predominantly prevails over evil and in which the laws thouhht God are generally practiced and obeyed.
Minister delegation must be expert tax collecting, defense affairs and mawarvi. Minister is to carry the load of state administration on behalf of the caliph.
State must interfere in this affair mxwardi it may become a source of dishonor for the rulers and the state. Very rationally he makes full endeavors to demonstrate the necessity of the Imamate and he proves it not only by referring the Islamic law but lays down a general proposition that it is in the nature of man or rather those among men who are superior to others in intellect that they should hand over their affairs to one who can keep them from being tyrannized over by others and should have the power of adjudging between them in case of mutual quarrels.
Mwardi quotes from the Holy Quranto prove the wxistence of ministries. He had already before him the precedent of the Umayyads. The existence of two Imams contemporaneously is illegal. This principle was enthusiastically contented by Khawarij who believed in complete democracy and universal franchise.
Elected by the majority of the electorates or. Even Abu Bakr could not devise the theoretical foundations of the Caliphate, for during the last moments of his life he said that the one great regret he had was that he could not ask the Prophet to enlighten him on three problems. He should preach Islam. Al-Mawardi holds that the Holy Quran says nothing about this institution but it is the result of consensus.
It is the duty of the judge to apply hadoods. Al-Mawardi has explained powers and functions of the muhtasib and categorizes his duties into two categories: The first step in this direction was the legal definition and exposition of the powers and prerogatives of the Caliph which had well-nigh been forgotten and had fallen to oblivion.
This practice during the reign of Abbasids engendered palace intrigues and induced destructive internecine wars and dynastic feuds. Hazrat Umar appointed a shura to elect imam. The electoral college shall consist of persons with the special qualifications: Even the language and arguments are almost the same as in al-Mawardi in most places.
But al-Mawardi is not alone in this respect, for this is the agreed opinion of Sunnite jurists and theologians. The society tried to reflect the principles of Islamic life and polity, while the state tried to emulate the traditions and ways of Byzantine and Sassanid empires. When a friend asked why he kept his books back he replied that it was because he felt that his motives in writing them were not as pure as he should have wished and that he did not know whether Allah the Almighty had accepted these literary offerings or not.
Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi
Luciani, Alger, ; E. Such a person is called imam or sovereign. If Ibn-e-Rawwah also fell in the field then the Muslims could choose any one from among themselves as their Commander. Tuesday, August 27, Abu al-Hassan al-Mawardi was born in Basrah c. The aim of Islamic State is to create a society as conceived in the Quran and Sunnah. But with all the good points that can be said about Al-Mawardi, he had one short-coming, he was not a political thinker, and hence could not evolve a philosophic conception of the state.
It is to recommend measures to abolish lawlessness, mal administration and disturbance in a province. He was not very original in what he did.
The political thought of Abu Al-Hassan Al-Mawardi
Al-Mawardi omits the politicall when a debauch and licentious person is elected as Imam. But on the bases of his qualities and merit. Fifthly, honest and temperate. If there is only one suitable candidate for the Imamate, he automatically becomes the Imam, and election is required.
The only sad thing about this was that it was too short-lived and that it could not get time for proper growth and consolidation. It was the clear infringement of this covenant that eventually led to the assassinations of Hazrat Usman R. He ignores artificial factors like age, Property and residence etc but those who can distinguish between good and bad, between right and wrong and thougt the wise and poise.
It is called wasiah.
He should help the sovereign in the state administration. This flimsy emphasis on the Qurayshite descent is a formidable hit on the claims of Fatimids. Ibn-e-Khaldoon The Umayyad made strenuous efforts and effected a practical compromise between monarchy and the original caliphate. But he declined to accept this offer of appointment because he said there were far abler people who deserved the title much more than himself.
It is to produce vagueness in the bright of human heart. Al-Mawardi advocates mawxrdi it is very important to elect someone as imam through the consensus of the community.
Muslim Political ThoughtAl-Mawardi – CSS Forums
A closer examination of his work, however, discloses that he is not a mere recorder of facts handed down to him but a shrewd statesman and mawarei. The imposition and collection of Kharaj and Zakat taxes in accordance with the laws of the Shariah and the interpretation of the jurists without resorting to extortion or pressure. But if all hope is lost, he will mawadri deemed to have relinquished his office, and a new election shall take place.
Al-Mawardi, therefore, found no difficulty in taking his cue from the prevailing ideas of his time.