connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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Distinguished between religious millah and sociopolitical ummah forms of human association. Internet URLs are the best. Contact our editors with your feedback.

Yet they must obey him. Moreover, he is very particular about the rights and prerogatives politicaal the Caliph but pays little attention to the rights and obligations of the people. There is no capacity of two imams at the same time.


Skip to main content. Al-Mawardi was born in Basrah during the year C. Hazrat Abu Bakr R. He discards the divine right of rule, for despite his anxiety for the restoration of sovereign power of Abbasid Caliphs, he nowhere supports their claim, po,itical the claim of jurists to unchallenged obedience to the Head of the State. His theory of rebellion is not quite obvious. Mumem- obedient of Shariah: Those who do not recognize the authority as absolute, justify their opposition by declaring that family considerations must not weight with the Caliph, who is bound by law to choose one who fulfills the conditions laid down for the holder of the office of the Imam.


Abdullah ibn Alawi al-Haddad.

Political science: Al-Mawardi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Thank you for your feedback. This enumeration of the ten-fold functions of the Imam is arbitrary.

He mawxrdi not only what exists but also what ought to exist. The maintenance of law and order in the country, to make it possible for the people to lead a peaceful life, and proceed to their economic activities freely and travel in the land without fear. He could have easily established from the tradition of the Prophet P.

Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi

Arberry, first published ; The Qur’an, translated by M. Qurayshite descent Rosenthal is of the view that the Caliph be physically and mentally fit to discharge his duties as ruler, and he must possess courage and determination to protect the territory of Islam and wage holy war against its enemies and against infidels. The moral change is of two kinds:. Al-Mawardi says only male are allowed to be imam of an Islamic state. If the same agreements are hazardous for the cause of Islam and the Muslims.

His opinions must be mature. But it is ambiguous as to how a tyrant or heretical Imam can be deposed.

These qualifications are three: The appointment of honest and sincere men to the principal offices of State and to the treasure to secure sound and effective administration and to safe-guard the finances of the State.

Muslim Political ThoughtAl-Mawardi – CSS Forums

The most significant may be summarized as follows: Therefore, while considered, he suggests that there must be a test among the talented citizens to select effective judges, various factors like ability and merit etc must be considered.

The Imamate is instituted by means of election. He was xl appointed chief qadi of Baghdad, and subsequently was entrusted with various responsibilities on behalf of the Caliphate: Growing up he was able to learn Fiqh Islamic Jurisprudence from Abu al-Wahid al-Simari and subsequently politidal up his residence in Baghdad.


Abu al-Hassan al-Mawardi was born in Basrah c. Al-Mawardi says if people are given opportunity to elect their imam, a thory opportunist may deceive the voters and a corrupt person may become imam. Thirdly, he must not be slave.

Al-Mawardi seems to have no conception of democracy. It has been persistently resorted to be every Muslim ruler after the days of the pious Caliphate, to perpetuate dynastic and despotic rule among the Muslim peoples.

While a third group supported by Al-Mawardi is of the opinion that any person may be appointed as imam. In certain cases when the loss of organs renders a person helpless and makes him incapable of doing anything, he can neither be elected teory Imam nor can he continue in that office. Politicxl person who feels fear cannot prove himself a good leader.

The Roots of Muslim Rage, By: This approach to the matter would explain the polihical arrangement finally reached by the Buyids and the Abbasid caliphs, later followed also by the more efficient Seljuqswhereby the military held actual power while recognizing the Caliph as the supreme head of government and receiving from him, in turn, recognition of their mundane authority.

Imam mau be deposed if: Following ar the powers of minister delegation: