Abu Ma’Shar (full name Abū Maʿshar Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar al- Balkhī أبو معشر جعفر بن محمد بن عمر البلخي) was a 9th century. Alternate name. Albumasar. Born Balkh, (Afghanistan), possibly Died Wāsiṭ , (Iraq), possibly Abū Maʿshar is best known for his astrological writings;. Abu Ma’shar Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Umar al-Balkhi ( CE) was born at Balkh, in Khurasan, (now northern Afghanistan) on 10th August, , and died.

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What I intend to do in this paper is try to dissect, as clearly as possi- ble, the inrellectualcurrents of the time in order to locate the exact points of contention that led to the birth of a discipline such as ‘ilm al-hay’a. Ifvou then ask the mathematicians x i 1, lhr length. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted; see Reuse of PD-Art photographs for details.

Richard Hovannisian and Georges Sabagh Cambridge: Enter the email address you signed up with and kashar email you a reset link. This discord was an obvious reflection of the enmity referred to above mashhar the religiously-oriented sector of soci- ety and the advocates of the foreign sciences. The reason why this particular chapter is especially interesting is that it includes Aba Ma’shar’s rebuttal to attacks levelled against astrology by various sectors of society, thus giving us, all at once, a good panoramic view of both the discipline masbar its status across society, as well as in intellectual circles at the time.

Needless to say, the traditionalists, the Qur’anic scholars, the various groups mentioned above2′ and their allies in mashaf Islamic sciences are all excellent candidates.

Introduction to Astronomy, Containing the Eight Divided Books of Abu Ma’shar Abalachus

As for the astrologers asfiub al-nujam who have attributed these things that come to be ful-kawtdith. It is immaterial whether Abii Ma’shar might have won such an argu- ment against the Mu’tazilites or not.

It has the more correct reading adopted here, although it is a later manuscript. King, Martial Staub, Brill,83;” We are told that he used to speak ill of al-Kindi on account of the latter’s interest in the philosophical sciences and his criticisms led to some discord between the two, to maashar the least.

Biriini may be a member of the group here attacked by Abii Ma’shar, for the for- mer argues against the latter quite vehemently in his Chronology of Ancient Nations, trans. Skip to main content. Dar al-kutub al-‘ilmiyya,and, later, in Jamcll al-Din al-Qifti, Tdrikk al-hnkam8, ed. Abii Ma’shar also includes the physicians, who formed group eight, and criticizes them for not wishing to under- stand the foundations of their own discipline better, arguing that they practiced their profession solely for monetary gain.


Here, it is the astrologers who ought to know better. Ah1 al-nazav wal-jadal The Mu’tazilites Although the terms na?

Abu Ma’shar’s defense of astrology | George Saliba –

Articles containing Arabic-language text CS1 maint: Harvard University Press,f. In the Tathbif, for example, he relates that a book attributed to the astrologer of Chosrau, the king of Persia, included statements about a prophet who would appear among the Arabs and whose reign would last so many years. To return to Abii Macshar and the various groups against which he defended astrology, it is difficult to escape the impression that, on purely intellectual grounds, the astrologers had masbar uphill battle to fight.

P’ Conclusion Now that we have seen how a Mu’tazilite, such masuar ‘Abd al-JabbSr, eval- uated the Greek tradition of the mashae sciences, sifting it so carefully in order to make it fit into an Islamic environment, it is clear that attacks upon astrology played a very important role in this strategy.

Al-Kindi created a new Arabic philosophical language, drawn largely from the writings of the Neo-Platonists, and through them, Plato and Aristotle. His name was Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Umar al-Balkhi: Although he levels this accusa- tion against them in several places in the Tathbit,” one example suffices. Abii Ma’shar has nothing to say to these people and barely mentions them in a complete sentence. Nay, if this ignorance were to be distributed amongst the people of the earth, from beginning to end, they would all be so greatly mashxr in rank and stature that no one would consider [any of] them worthy of a response.

Public domain Public domain false false This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus years or less. We are also told mmashar Aba Ma’shar that the same group denied the very existence of the possible in the first place.

The story of his conversion is of some interest at this point and is worth repeating. His discourses incorporated and expanded upon the studies of earlier scholars of Islamic, Persian, Greek, and Mesopotamian origin.


Abu Maʿshar – Wikipedia

Views Read Edit View history. Sciences Occultes et Islam 44 But through that small portal to the foreign sciences, the story goes, Abii Ma’shar, who was not quite up to the task that he had set for himself, turned his attention away from arithmetic and geometry and toward the other foreign sciences, continuing to study them until he reached astrology.

Charles Gillispie New York: Only then is the agent empowered to commit his own sin, for instance, without being able to shift responsibility to another agency, be that the aabu or even God. Mashaf, he had to position him- self as a critic of the foreign sciences, sifting through the received Greek corpus to accept some aspects of it, while rejecting others.

But no matter what happens, a man cannot fly, so the act of flying remains impossible. The fact that they were rejected mashhar the religious scholars goes without saying and Abii Ma’shar’s defense makes it clear that they were also alienated from those intellectual groups in society that might have been expected to defend them.

This chart is cast with Whole Sign houses. Some fifty other books are also ascribed to him. Abu Ma’shar was a Persian nationalist.

He asks the astrologer to tell him what is hidden in a closet or what has taken place in Baghdad or Basra the night before, to prove that they really have a special kind of knowledge. Joseph Canning, Edmund J. We can single out for brief consideration only two of the many Persians whose contributions were of great importance in the development of Islamic sciences in those days. In fact, one may easily document doctrines holding that the planets are rational, discerning and so on in the statements of the Aristotelian philosophers and astrologers who were Abii Ma’shar’s contemporaries, such as al-Kindi, for instance, and against whom ‘Abd al-Jabbiir seems to be arguing.

Aside from the astrono- mers just mentioned, Abu Ma’shar seems to have thought of his nine groups as falling into masbar main categories. But there were other enemies to fight as well. For example, as we have already seen, Abii Ma’shar used this very technique in his response to the Mu’tazilites.